An essay is a piece of writing several paragraphs long. It is about one topic. However, as the topic of the essay is too complex to discuss in one paragraph, the essay needs to be divided into several paragraphs, one for each major point. Then the paragraphs needed to be tied together by adding an introduction and a conclusion.

There are three main parts in an essay: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.



An essay has unity and coherence, just as a paragraph does. Transition signals and the repetition of key nouns link the paragraphs into a cohesive whole.


Study the following example. Then answer and discuss the questions.

Essay example

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  1. How many paragraphs does this essay contain?
  2. How many paragraphs are there in the body part?
  3. What is the thesis statement? Underline the topic sentence of each body paragraph, and double underline the topic.

Note: The topic sentence is not necessarily the first sentence in every paragraph.

  1. Notice which noun phrase appears three times in the introduction. Circle each repetition of this key noun in the other paragraphs of the essay. Square each transitional signal of each paragraph.

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