Language focus

Nominal that-clause

 

In formal academic English, many reporting verbs are allowed by a that-clause containing both a subject and a verb.

  • That-clauses consist of the function of the direct object of the verb states.

Smitha Mundasad (2014) states that taking aspirin every day can reduce the           chance of developing or dying from bowel and stomach cancers.

  • ‘That’ in clauses is often omitted in spoken English.

Smitha Mundasad (2014) states taking aspirin every day can reduce the chance      of developing or dying from bowel and stomach cancers.

  • The verb ‘mention’ is used for information most likely given without detail and support. Furthermore, the rationale academic journals are distributed in English is a minor issue in the article. Thus, you should avoid using ‘mention’ in summaries.

Smitha Mundasad (2014) mentions taking aspirin every day can reduce the                        chance of developing or dying from bowel and stomach cancers.

 

If you are abridging another author’s work as part of a paper, you may make a reference to your source following APA (American Psychological Association), MLA (Modern Language Association), IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) and so on. The APA and MLA systems refer to a source similarly, by author and date.

 

Author layout guidance

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